Table of Contents: Regulatory protection of human subjects in research -- The research problem -- Review of the literature -- The systematic review -- Methodology -- Survey research -- Qualitative research -- Community-based participatory research -- Clinical investigations -- Data analysis -- Exploring statistics comparing differences in health care -- The results section -- The discussion section -- References -- Writing and publishing in the health professions -- Interpreting the literature.
Addiction is an increasingly recognized major global public health issue. A growing number of medical specialties, psychological and social science training programs, and professional associations are incorporating addiction as part of their training and continuing education curricula across a broad array of cultures. The need for an International Textbook in this expanding field has therefore become evident. Presenting a world view of the spectrum of addictions-related problems across different cultures, this reference volume highlights the main differences and similarities between clinical practices in the field of Addiction Medicine based on neurobiological similarities as well as epidemiological and socio-cultural differences. While the focus will be on marshalling the empirical evidence in support of the clinical practices, areas where information is mostly experiential will be noted. Examples where an international perspective is critical involve issues such as: the current shift of the smoking epidemic from developed to low and middle-income countries; the growing influence on young people from the parental home and local neighbourhood to role models potentially continents away the demonstrated benefits and limitations of international drug conventions which on the one hand have contained the problem of illegal drugs versus an increase in the use of a legal drug, like tobacco; the need for cost effective translation of the clinical practices of Western health care settings to prevention and treatment strategies adapted to the needs of the rest of the world. This Textbook, which collates the experience and wisdom of more than 260 leaders in the field, coming from more than 30 countries, is promoted by the International Society of Addiction Medicine (ISAM), founded in 1999, which has as its principal mission the education of practitioners in Addiction Medicine and their trainees worldwide
For more than three decades, Differential Diagnosis and Treatment in Primary Carehas helped primary care practitioners to systematically approach the differential diagnosis of the symptoms and signs they see in practice. Organized into categories such as pain, mass, bloody discharge, non-bloody discharge, functional changes, and abnormal laboratory results, this bestselling clinical reference helps you apply your basis science knowledge to consider all of the possible causes of each symptom, and then take the appropriate steps to determine which one is most likely. Apply the latest knowledge due to comprehensive updates throughout the text, including new signs and symptoms, new and expanded case histories, updated diagnostic tests, and more. Interact with patients more effectively with a new section on bedside manner, and get therapeutic guidance from a new section on the treatment of common diseases. Know what to look for thanks to abundant anatomical drawings that highlight relevant features in each body area. Develop your diagnostic skills with cases and clinical questions for each sign or symptom, as well as the framework for thinking through those questions to arrive at the appropriate diagnosis. Select the appropriate diagnostic procedures and laboratory tests to include in the workup. Recognize when to refer a patient to a specialist with a special section on this topic.
New at ECG interpretation? No need to go it alone?keep the basic skills and concepts at your fingertips, with ECG Interpretation: An Incredibly Easy!® Pocket Guide. Use this enjoyable reference for at-a-glance reviews of how to use and monitor ECG equipment, obtain and interpret rhythm strips, and accurately spot and treat arrhythmias. Full of helpful charts, illustrations, and easy-to-relate-to definitions, this is the perfect on-the-spot guide for students, new nurses, and all those looking for expert guidance on the job. Increase on-the-job or classroom confidence with this must-have pocket guide, featuring: NEW and updated content in quick-read, bulleted format, with easy-to-remember guidance on topics including: o Identifying and interpreting atrial, junctional, ventricular, sinus node, and atrioventricular arrhythmias o ECG effects of electrolyte imbalances o ECG effects of antiarrhythmics o Basic and advanced electrocardiography, including equipment uses and components o Waveform types and components Dozens of photos, drawings, and diagrams clearly outline key concepts, including: 8-step method of ECG evaluation Identifying and monitoring disorders, rhythm disturbances, and electrolyte imbalances Placement of different types of leads Identifying and solving monitor problems Interventions ? Administering nonpharmacologic and pharmacologic treatments for arrhythmias, including pacemakers, ICDs, and antiarrhythmics Special features: Memory jogger ? Memory tricks that help you remember key concepts and treatments Through the ages ? Identifies differences in ECG interpretation and pacemaker needs, according to the patient's age Help desk ? Explanations of monitoring equipment components and functions What causes it ? Causes of different disorders, imbalances, and arrhythmias What to look for ? Tips on identifying and interpreting arrhythmia How it's treated ? Steps to take for a variety of treatment ?Nurse Joy? and ?Nurse Jake? ? Expert insights on ECG methods and problem-solving End-of-book guides and tests: The Test Zone ? Practice Q&A Quick guide to arrhythmias ACLS algorithms: The Pulseless Arrest, Tachycardia, and Bradycardia Guide to antiarrhythmic drugs Guide to choosing monitoring leads
This book presents a new approach to the developmental assessment of preschool children that can be applied to both typical children and those with disabilities. It shifts away from vaguely defined ?milestones'to what the author calls ?thinking developmentally', i.e. consideration of the developmental content of spontaneous behaviour, test items and test responses. While traditional tests are retained in this approach, the rationale behind what is being tested is carefully explained. The reader is taught how to confirm whether or not development is typical and if it is not, is signposted to the likely nature and severity of impairments and a plan of action. The author uses numerous case vignettes from her 40 years'experience to to bring to life her approach with clear summary Key points'and helpful illustrations. This volume is designed to be of use not only to paediatricians but to numerous other disciplines at every level of experience in the care of children from 0 to 5 years.
Based around the core curriculum for specialist trainees and consultants, Oxford Case Histories in Geriatric Medicine is a valuable reference and teaching tool, which provides an opportunity for case-based learning across a rapidly growing field. This book uses well-structured and concise cases from the Oxford hospitals. Each case has associated questions on the differential diagnosis and aspects of management providing interactive learning material. Cases were chosen to illustrate specific issues of particular relevance to geratology, emphasizing the unusual or occult presentation of disease, the presence of multiple interacting pathologies, possibility for rapid deterioration, high incidence of complications of treatment, including adverse drug reactions and a need at times for difficult clinical decisions. Part of the Oxford Case Histories series, this book will be valuable reading for postgraduate trainees and consultants, and will be an essential resource for those preparing for exit examinations and revalidation. It is also the ideal tool for those who wish to improve their skills in diagnosis and management of a broad range of geriatric disorders.
The second edition of Emergencies in Obstetrics and Gynaecology provides a practical and accessible guide to all emergency situations encountered in obstetrics and gynaecology, from the immediately life-threatening to the smaller but urgent problems that may arise. Designed around the symptoms and signs with which the patient presents to the hospital, this handbook explains how to arrive at a differential diagnosis and how to prevent, manage, or treat an emergency. The'Obstetric emergencies'section covers topics from early pregnancy through to post-delivery complications, whilst the'Gynaecologic emergencies'section addresses those issues that could potentially pose a threat to a women's fertility or even her life. Addressing new topics on issues that have become more prevalent, such as substance misuse in pregnancy, and violence against women and children, the second edition of Emergencies in Obstetrics and Gynaecology is an essential read. A new topic on'preoperative assessment'outlines how to manage consent, the risks, benefits, and what the patient should expect.
Facial esthetics has become one of the fastest-growing industries in the world. As the field continues to evolve and patients demand more and more of practitioners, it is clear that both the beginner as well as the advanced practitioner seek convenient, safe, and effective therapies, and this book provides just that. Written in collaboration with international experts from various fields of medicine, including basic scientists, clinician-scientists, experts in laser therapy and photography, as well as plastic surgeons and hair restorative surgeons, this book collectively offers a comprehensive approach to using platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) in facial esthetics. PRF has been used for decades in regenerative medicine, and slowly it has made its way into the medical esthetic arena, often used in combination with other leading therapies to support minimally invasive esthetic procedures. This book therefore starts at the beginning, first exploring the biology and anatomy of the skin and hair before turning to a discussion of photographic record-keeping and patient consultation. Then follow chapters on the biology of platelet concentrates and microneedling, skin and hair regeneration, lasers, and the use of PRF in plastic surgery. The final chapter looks to the future and considers what else could be possible. If you perform any facial esthetic procedures in your office or want to learn how, this book is a must.
This book shows practitioners how to address facial asymmetries with clinical Botox therapy. The book covers comprehensive facial analysis and how to plan treatment. Injection points are identified within a larger discussion of anatomical considerations, and detailed treatment instructions include dosage, syringe type, and needle size for each clinical procedure as well as how to evaluate the results. This stunning book will widen the esthetic treatment options you can provide for patients.
Simulation can be a valuable tool in academic or clinical settings, but technology changes quickly, and faculty, students, and clinicians need to know how to respond. Understanding simulation scenarios and environments is essential when designing and implementing effective programs for interdisciplinary learners. In this fully revised second edition of Mastering Simulation, nationally known experts Janice Palaganas, Beth Ulrich, and Beth Mancini guide students and practitioners in developing clinical competencies and provide a solid foundation for improving patient outcomes. Coverage includes: ?Creating simulation scenarios and improving learner performance ?Designing program evaluations and managing risk and quality improvement ?Developing interprofessional programs and designing research using simulation
This revised and expanded third edition of Etiquette & Communication Strategies for Nurses will help you increase your confidence, enhance your reputation, and focus your career aspirations. Filled with practical tips, avoidable faux pas, and informative Q&As, this book will help you: ?NEW: Plan an engaging and impactful presentation ?NEW: Boost your career by writing an article ?NEW: Use a leadership strategy to achieve your personal and professional goals ?Interview successfully for a new position ?Dine with confidence in any business or social setting ?Increase your comfort with business travel ?Manage online and social media interactions safely and professionally ?Interact with everyone from executives to subordinates with grace and polish, regardless of the setting or situation ?Moderate productive meetings ?Thrive, not just survive, in culturally diverse interactions
For more than 40 years, this well-regarded reference has bridged the gap between basic and clinical sciences for the many disorders associated with electrolyte imbalances and kidney dysfunction. Authoritative and easy to read, the eighth edition has been thoroughly updated by experts in the field to reflect recent developments in renal pathophysiology. Each chapter first introduces normal physiology, then covers each disorder's clinical features, diagnosis, and treatment. Helpful diagrams, algorithms, and tables further explain the complex concepts.
"A journey into the land of death and dying seen through the lens of art and the imagination. Part memoir, part meditation on death itself, In the Slender Margin is an exploration of death from an "insider's" point of view. Using the threads of her brother's early death and her twenty years of work at a hospice, Joseph utilizes history, religion, philosophy, literature, personal anecdote, mythology, poetry and pop culture to discern the unknowable and to illuminate her travels through the land of the dying. The book is neither an academic text nor a self-help manual; rather, it is a rumination on death, dying and the mystery that awaits us all. Rather than relying solely on narrative, In the Slender Margin gains momentum from a buildup of thematic resonances. In the process of thinking deeply about death, Joseph finds the brother she lost as a young girl. She wrote this book as a way to understand what she had seen: the mysterious and the horrendous. Replete with literary allusions and references ranging from Joan Didion and Susan Sontag to D.H. Lawrence and Voltaire, among many other literary voices, the result is an absorbing and inspired consideration of how we die and how we deal with death."-- Good Reads.
First published in 2006, the bestselling Wintrobe's Atlas of Clinical Hematology has now been comprehensively updated by a brand-new editorial team to bring you state-of-the-art pictorial coverage of the complete range of hematologic conditions. Thousands of meticulous, full-color images capture the characteristic appearance of each pathologic entity, and concise descriptions point out features of diagnostic importance. The result is a peerless reference to facilitate confident diagnosis in hematology.