This report reviews what is known about the state of the HIV/AIDS in the Vancouver downtown east end, based on the formal literature, current and previous studies from and about that downtown community; summarizes a community consultation process with adults and youth, current and ex- drug users, HIV-positive individuals, and community social and medical service providers; and presents an action plan to reduce the spread of HIV/AIDS among those downtown community members involved in injection drug (heroin and cocaine) use.
Issues discussed in the consultations included physical health, housing, having a sense of belonging and usefulness, information dissemination, public safety, and needs of special high-risk groups. Recommendations are made under such objectives as: ensuring that high-risk persons are connected with and make better use of existing resources; improve shelter and housing conditions; increase community ability to deal with the HIV/AIDS problem; support co-ordination of HIV/AIDS services; and funding. Appendices include survey questionnaires and a background paper on methadone treatment.
This comprehensive guide to geriatric pain management provides the most current information available on assessment and treatment of pain in older adults. In a concise, reader-friendly format, the book provides techniques, tips, and tools for assessing pain and examines barriers to appropriate treatment. It addresses the physiological and psychosocial factors underlying the process and occurrence of pain and helps nurses to develop a comprehensive multimodal approach to pain management that includes pharmacological and nonpharmacological interventions. The guide provides detailed coverage of medications commonly used for pain management, including all contraindications and side effects, so that nurses will be able to evaluate the best use of a medication in the context of comorbidities and sensitivities of each individual. Also addressed are chronic illnesses common to the elderly population, palliative and hospice care, treatment of concurrent depression and anxiety, treatment of cognitively impaired elderly, and techniques for assessment and intervention in cases of substance abuse.